Kongekrabbebyen i arktiske Norge
The area around Kirkenes was a common Norwegian–Russian district until 1826, when the present border was settled. The original name of the peninsula was Piselvnes (Pis River headland), but was changed to Kirkenes (church headland) when the Kirkenes Church was built in 1862.
Only a few families lived in Kirkenes in 1906 when iron ore was discovered nearby. This led to the establishment of the mining company A/S Sydvaranger, and within a few years the population had swelled to 8,000. People moved here from afar to work, and in addition to Norwegian and Sami, Finnish, Russian, Swedish, English and German were widely spoken. Kirkenes was a major supplier of raw materials for artillery during World War I.
In 1908, Kirkenes became the northern turning point of Hurtigruten ships, which have transported visitors and freight to Kirkenes ever since...